Caracal (Caracal caracal), Lynx caracal or Felis caracal
This cat's name comes from Turkish words "kara kulak", which means "black ear".
The caracal is a medium-sized animal. It resembles a lynx in appearance, but its size is smaller: body length 65-82 cm (up to 85 cm), tail 25-30 cm, shoulder height - about 45 cm, weight 16-19 kg. There are also larger caracals with body length 88.9-99 cm, shoulder height up to 50.8 cm and weight 20-25 kg.
The colour of the caracal's short and thick fur varies from fig to sandy-brown with whitish bottom. The coat around the eyes and outside of ears is black. The caracal has black spots on its snout, which are absent on its body. Caracals have tails much longer than other members of the Lynx. The kittens have small specks on their bodies, which remain only at the snouts of adults.
Its tufted ears reach 5 cm in length and are located high on its head and stand almost vertically.
Choosing a caracal kitten
When choosing a caracal kitten hoping to obtain a domesticated, kind and gentle pet, it must be purchased in household nurseries, rather than in institutions with outdoor cages. The caracal kitten must be in constant contact with a person from a very early age. The caracal kitten can be safely bought before 6 months of age. The cub properly raised by a human easily adapts to the new family. In terms of the adaptation, the kittens are very similar to puppies. They are not as sensitive as servals, which simply must be handed over into a family at the age of 2-3 months. The adaptation to the new environment occurs quickly, because caracals are very friendly and sociable.
Once in the new home, they immediately want to make friends with everyone, including children and pets. When purchasing a caracal, you should first decide whether you buy a kitten for breeding or as a pet.
If you want the caracal for a pet, you must timely sterilise it, better at the age of 3-5 months, otherwise there definitely will be problems with spraying.
If the animal is purchased for breeding, get ready to the fact that the caracal will start marking its territory - both males and females do that.
Do not buy animals from "second-hand dealers" - they often acquire animals from "illegal sellers", poachers or from zoos with no official document package, therefore the animal will be socially unadapted, untrained to use the litter box and possibly sick. Such animals do not fit for living in the house, especially if there are children in the family. Absence or partial absence of the necessary documents for the acquisition, keeping and the origin of this species is punishable by law. Such animal should be confiscated.
Remember that caracals are listed in the International Red Book (Category II) as "endangered species threatened with extinction". Do not purchase a caracal if your children are less than 5 years old or have not yet learned to be good to animals. Do not purchase a caracal if you have a small living area. A private house with a pen attached to it and a free entrance is an ideal dwelling for the caracal. Minimum enclosure size should be 15.0 sq.m., height - 2.5 m.
Feedstuff for the caracal
The caracal is a predator and needs relevant and special food to receive all essential nutrients. There are various options for feeding the caracal: chickens, beef, poultry, fodder rats and mice, rabbits, fish and sometimes raw eggs. You can also use high-quality cat food for feeding. Never feed it raw pork. This can lead to Aujeszky's disease, which can be very dangerous for a cat. Never add salt and spices to the cat's diet. Ensure more varied and balanced meals. For 3 years, the caracal must be introduced with vitamins and calcium in its diet.
The amount of feedstuff for the caracal
The adult caracal needs daily intake of meat about 3-5% of its own weight. Thus, daily intake of meat for the 10 kg caracal is 300-500 g. During its growth, the caracal may need a larger dosage.
The cat's appetite is often not that great during very hot days, whereas it is much better in the cold time of the year.
Feeding the caracal
Usually, there must be one or two feedings per day. Feeding should not be at the same time every day, since animals will adapt to this time very quickly. The caracal must feel hunger sometimes and should not have permanent access to the feed in any case, as some owners of cats allow it to have. Meat should be of room temperature. The leftovers should be removed after feeding.
Possible remains of feed also cannot be left available. For adult caracals, it is advisable to give no food at all for one day every 8-14 days.
The caracal's nature
Caracals are very smart, playful and tender animals.
Their training and education should happen from a young age. Playing with the caracal is a communication and an education at the same time. Hunting games with suspension and the ball are always loved by caracals. Activities can last as long as they are interesting to caracals.
They love to swim, run for the ball and bring it to you and they walk on a leash with ease. They are like dogs by nature and in the games, but they have the grace of a cat. When the caracal has had enough of running, it breathes rapidly with its mouth open like a dog. They chirping, purring and licking very nicely and gently!
Caracals excrete to the litter box, leaving their droppings on the surface of litter and not digging them in as domestic cats do.
Caracals with other animals
Caracals live happily with other animals, especially if grown together.
Toys for the caracal
It is necessary to ensure that toys do not pose a hazard to the health of the animal. Most of the common cat toys are not suitable for the caracal; they are very small and fragile for them. Plastic and foam balls are also dangerous, because their parts can be swallowed. It is better to give them durable and natural toys for dogs. There is one rule for all these games: toys should be available only for the limited time and hidden after that, otherwise the caracal will quickly lose interest in them. Caracals are very curious, so they always rejoice when something new appears for them to examine.
After a couple of days, the old toys become interesting again. A potato, an apple or a plastic bottle always catch its fancy. You should play with the caracal with toys only and not with hands or feet. Hands should be used for petting only!
For all wishing to buy a kitten in our LeonBaltia nursery, we provide detailed information based not only on our knowledge and our personal experiences, but also on the experience of famous European household nurseries with 15-19 years of experience in breeding caracals.
For availability, reservation and purchase of a caracal kitten from future litters, please call (+371) 22 125 125, (+371) 27 144 144 or write to the following email address: firstname.lastname@example.org